Gluten Allergy

Found in grains like barley, rye, spelt and wheat, gluten is a collection of proteins that are very common and can cause people a lot of pain. Of these grains, many people will recognize wheat as the main source of gluten, but you’d be surprised.

Glutenin and gliadin are found within gluten, however, it’s the gliadin that causes the majority of problems to your health. Other proteins that cause issues with your digestive system are avenin found in oats, hordein found in barley, and secalin found in rye.

Gluten proteins form a sticky glue-like texture when the flour is mixed with water. This makes the dough elastic and gives bread the ability to rise when baked. In many modern food products, gluten can be present including rice, pasta, cake & biscuits/cookies, crackers, cereals and pastries for breakfast. It can also be present in highly processed foods such as beer.

Gluten sensitivity (non-celiac)

A common cause for many individuals who do not test positive for celiac disease is gluten sensitivity. It has been estimated that this condition affects between 0.6% of the American population (or six in every 1,000 people) or as high as 6%. Symptoms include stomach pain, tiredness and bloating.

This 2015 study reviewed a large group of self-diagnosed gluten sensitivity people and examined their diet to see if going ‘gluten-free’ reduced their symptoms.

6% of those studied had celiac disease and 0.51% had an allergy to wheat. From the remaining subjects, 7% were diagnosed as gluten-sensitive/intolerant. 14.5% of people have issues affected by gluten sensitivity.

gluten sensitivity 1 - Gluten Allergy

Coeliac disease

1% of the worldwide population reported as suffering from coeliac (or celiac) disease. It is an autoimmune disorder where the immune system treats gluten as a foreign invader which in turn harms the lining of the gut.

This gut wall damage stops the body from assimilating nutrition, causes bloating and excess gas and also imposes other health issues. Celiac disease should be referred to a medical practitioner for a full diagnosis.

coeliac disease - Gluten Allergy

Wheat allergy

It’s estimated that 1% of the global populace is affected by a wheat allergy. Unfortunately, they are very similar in reactions to gluten allergy as they are severe and instantaneous. You can diagnose a wheat allergy with an IgE allergy test, which will look for a raised IgE level in the blood sample.

wheat allergy pictures - Gluten Allergy

Gluten-Free diet

Once you decide to remove gluten from your diet, it can be very daunting. Test My Allergy is here to help you change your diet and feel healthy.

Firstly, you need to read everything that you’re going to consume. What can be difficult is that wheat containing gluten is in many types of food. Changing your eating habits to include healthy whole foods is important. Cut out processed foods, cereals and grains which contain gluten.

Gluten-free grains

Many natural grains don’t contain gluten, however, do still check the ingredients to ensure there has been no cross-contamination.

Amaranth Bubble - Gluten Allergy
Amaranth

Arrowroot - Gluten Allergy
Arrowroot

buckwheat - Gluten Allergy
Buckwheat

corn - Gluten Allergy
Corn

flax - Gluten Allergy
Flax

millet - Gluten Allergy
Millet

oats - Gluten Allergy
Oats

quinoa - Gluten Allergy
Quinoa

rice - Gluten Allergy
Rice

sorghum - Gluten Allergy
Sorghum

tapioca - Gluten Allergy
Tapioca

Gluten-free foods

Luckily, if you have a gluten allergy, there are still many foods that are naturally gluten-free but processed foods usually contain it in some form, either from additional ingredients, or cross-contamination. Always read the label, it’s not uncommon for meat and fish to have gluten-laden ingredients added

Here are a few gluten-free free, unprocessed foods.

dairy - Gluten Allergy
Dairy

eggs - Gluten Allergy
Eggs

fish - Gluten Allergy
Fish

corn - Gluten Allergy
Fruits

legumes - Gluten Allergy
Legumes

meat - Gluten Allergy
Meats

nuts - Gluten Allergy
Nuts

potatoes - Gluten Allergy
Potatoes

vegetables - Gluten Allergy
Vegetables

How to go gluten-free

Once you’ve been diagnosed with a gluten allergy and decide to cut the gluten from your diet, you will need to ensure you still consume.

  B Vitamins
  Calcium
  Copper
  Iron
  Magnesium
  Manganese
  Phosphorus
  Selenium
  Vitamin E
  Zinc

Whole grains also provide a good source of dietary fiber, including the soluble fiber beta-glucan, known for lowering cholesterol and regulate blood sugar.

Keep a balanced diet after removing gluten.

If you’re removing gluten from your diet, either temporarily or for the long term due to a gluten allergy, you need to ensure you still have a balanced diet.

Here is Test My Allergy’s list of healthy gluten-free alternatives (Click each item to expand the lists)

B Vitamins
  • Brewer’s yeast
  • Broccoli
  • Cashews
  • Chickpeas
  • Grains
  • Hazelnuts
  • Lentils
  • Mushrooms
  • Oats (buckwheat brown rice quinoa)
  • Peanuts
  • Pecans
  • Peppers
  • Soybean flour and soybeans
  • Split peas
  • Sunflower seeds
Vitamin E
  • Almonds
  • Apricots
  • Avocado
  • Blackberries
  • Broccoli
  • Collards
  • Crayfish
  • Guava
  • Hazelnuts
  • Herring
  • Kale
  • Kiwi
  • Mango
  • Nectarines
  • Olive oil
  • Peach
  • Pistachios
  • Prawn/shrimp
  • Raspberries
  • Salmon
  • Smoked salmon
  • Spinach
  • Squashes
  • Sunflower oil
  • Sunflowers seeds
  • Swiss chard
  • Swordfish
  • Trout
  • Turnip greens
  • Yams
Calcium
  • Almonds
  • Broccoli
  • Kale
  • Low-fat cheddar
  • Low-fat mozzarella
  • Pak choi
  • Sugar snap peas
  • Tofu
  • Watercress
  • Yogurt
Magnesium
  • Almonds
  • Apricots
  • Avocado
  • Brazil nuts
  • Broccoli
  • Buckwheat millet brown rice quinoa
  • Cashews
  • Coconut
  • Collards
  • Corn
  • Dates
  • Figs
  • Grains
  • Kale
  • Kelp
  • Peanuts
  • Prawns
  • Soya beans
  • Spinach
  • Swiss chard
  • Tofu
  • Turnip greens
  • Walnuts
Manganese
  • Aduki beans
  • Blueberries
  • Chickpeas
  • Grains
  • Hazelnuts
  • Kale
  • Lentils
  • Lima beans
  • Mussels
  • Oats (gluten-free) brown rice quinoa
  • Pecans
  • Pine nuts
  • Pineapple
  • Pumpkin seeds
  • Raspberries
  • Sesame seeds
  • Soybeans
  • Spinach
  • Strawberries
  • Sunflower seeds
  • Tofu
  • Yams
Zinc
  • Beef
  • Cashew nuts
  • Chicken
  • Chickpeas
  • Cocoa powder
  • Dark chocolate
  • Grains
  • Lamb
  • Mushrooms
  • Oats (gluten-free)
  • Pork
  • Pumpkin seeds
  • Sesame seeds
  • Spinach
  • Sunflower seeds
Iron
  • Almonds
  • Beef
  • Cashews
  • Chicken liver
  • Chickpeas
  • Clams
  • Dark chocolate
  • Grains
  • Hazelnuts
  • Kale
  • Kidney beans
  • Lamb
  • Lentils
  • Lima beans
  • Mussels
  • Oats (gluten-free)
  • Oysters
  • Peanuts
  • Pine nuts
  • Pumpkin seeds
  • Sesame seeds
  • Soybeans
  • Spinach
  • Sunflower seeds
  • Swiss chard
  • White beans
Selenium
  • Beef
  • Brazil nuts
  • Brown rice
  • Cottage cheese
  • Eggs
  • Grains
  • Liver
  • Mushrooms
  • Oysters
  • Sardines
  • Shrimp
  • Sunflower seeds
  • Tuna
  • Turkey
Copper
  • Turkey cashews
  • Collard greens
  • Dark chocolate
  • Garbanzo beans
  • Grains
  • Kale
  • Lentils
  • Lima beans
  • Liver
  • Mushrooms
  • Oats
  • Sesame seeds
  • Soybeans
  • Spinach
  • Spirulina
  • Sunflower seeds
  • Swiss chard
  • Tempeh
  • Walnuts
Phosphorus
  • Almonds
  • Brazil nuts
  • Cashews
  • Chicken
  • Cottage cheese
  • Crab
  • Grains
  • Liver
  • Mackerel
  • Milk
  • Oats (brown rice quinoa)
  • Pine nuts
  • Pistachios
  • Pork
  • Pumpkin seeds
  • Salmon
  • Sardines
  • Scallops
  • Sunflower seeds
  • Turkey
  • Yogurt

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